Compare contrast two theories personality essay
They constitute the framework of the. Subsequently, trait theory can be identified as an approach to the study of human personality. The aim of psychologists, specifically trait theorists, is to explain similarities and differences between individuals based on traits. Although numerous psychologists differ on the amount of traits that are significant, each theorist categorizes personality traits along several.
Comparison of Theories on Personality Abstract This paper is a comparison of three different viewpoints on the subject of personality. Carl Jung, B.
History Topics for a Compare and Contrast Essay
As an added feature I have included myself as a theorist because my views are also different from the previous mentioned theorists. This paper will also look briefly into the background of each theorist because their views on life began in their childhood. Amazingly you will notice the all had similar backgrounds, but came up with completely different ways of looking at life. Comparison of Theories 3 Understanding Personality Personality is the unique, relatively …show more content…. Jung had one sister that was born when he was nine years old, which probably added to his loneliness.
Jung spent most of his childhood alone in the attic. He felt cut off from the real world and escaped to his own reality of dreams and fantasies. His loneliness throughout his life showed greatly in his work on the inner self on the individual rather than experiences with other people. Carl Rogers Rogers was the fourth of six children in his family. His parents were very strict, religious, and domineering.
There was a lot of competitiveness between them because Rogers felt that his parents showed favoritism towards his older brother. This loneliness like Jung reflected in his work. That feeling led him to depend on his own experiences and not those of others. Skinner Skinner was the older of two sons. His parents were very strict and hardworking. His grandmother reinforced the fear of Hell by. Show More. Read More. What Drives Adult Personality Development? Popular Essays. Open Document.
Now let us look at what constitutes a good essay in psychology.
There are a number of important features. A Global Structure - structure the material in a way that allows for a logical sequence of ideas. The essay should 'flow'.
The 4 Major Personality Perspectives and Theories
The introduction, main body and conclusion should all be linked. Each paragraph should comprise a main theme which are illustrated and developed through a number of points supported by evidence. Knowledge and Understanding - recognise, recall and show understanding on a range of scientific material that accurately reflects the main theoretical perspectives.
Evidence of independent thinking, insight and evaluation of the evidence. Quality of Written Communication - writing clearly and succinctly with appropriate use of paragraphs, spelling and grammar. All sources referenced accurately and in line with APA guidelines. In the main body of the essay every paragraph should demonstrate both knowledge and critical evaluation. There should also be an appropriate balance between these two essay components. Most students make the mistake of writing too much knowledge and not enough evaluation which is the difficult bit.
It is best to structure your essay according to key themes. Themes are illustrated and developed through a number of points supported by evidence. Choose relevant points only, ones that most reveal the theme or help to make a convincing and interesting argument. Don't make the mistake of writing all the information you know regarding a particular topic. You need to be concise, and clearly articulate your argument. A sentence should contain no unnecessary words, a paragraph no unnecessary sentences.
Be clear why each point is is relevant to the argument. It would be useful at the beginning of each paragraph if you explicitly outlined the theme being discussed. Try not to overuse quotations in your essays. It is more appropriate to use original content to demonstrate your understanding.
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Psychology is a science so you must support your ideas with evidence not your own personal opinion. If you are discussing a theory or research study make sure you cite the source of the information. Bowlby claimed that mothering is almost useless if delayed until after two and a half to three years and, for most children, if delayed till after 12 months, i. Maslow stated that people are motivated to achieve certain needs.
When one need is fulfilled a person seeks to fullfil the next one, and so on.
As a general rule make sure there is at least one citation i. Remember to answer the essay question.
Comparing and Contrasting - The Writing Center Compare and contrast essay writing center
Underline the key words in the essay title. Don't make the mistake of simply writing everything you know of a particular topic, be selective. Each paragraph in your essay should contribute to answering the essay question. In simple terms this means outlining the strengths and limitations of a theory or research study. Is the sample biased or can we generalize the findings to other populations? What are the strengths and limitations of the method used and data obtained? Be careful to ensure that any methodological criticisms are justified and not trite.
Rather than hunting for weaknesses in every study; only highlight limitations which make you doubt the conclusions that the authors have drawn — e. Refer to debates such as nature or nurture, reductionism vs. For example, would they agree or disagree with a theory or the findings of the study? If research is biased towards men or women it does not provide a clear view of the behavior that has been studied. A dominantly male perspective is known as an androcentric bias.
The main criterion is that benefits must outweigh costs. But benefits are almost always to humans and costs to animals. Animal research also raises the issue of extrapolation. It is very important to elaborate on your evaluation. Don't just write a shopping list of brief one or two sentence evaluation points.
Instead make sure you expand on your points, remember, quality of evaluation is most important than quantity.