Write an essay on child labour in india
Free essay help for writers. If you are a smart college student, professional essay writer or just an academic enthusiast, you are welcome to join our friendly team. Child labour involves making a child who is below the age of 18 years work and this work either harms the child or prevents the child from attending school, or both. India experiences the greatest levels of this type of labour around the globe. Child labour in India happens because of two main reasons. The first one is the high poverty levels across the country. These levels are so high that it is even hard to afford food.
The poverty level is attributed to the exploitation of the employees by their employers across most industries. As a result of this poverty, children usually have to try to get some extra coin at least for the purpose of getting some food. The other reason for this type of labour is the low quality of education system in India.
Often such cases are known through scandals in the mass media.
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In that manner, a working child is often seen as a slave , working in a sweat shop in a third world country, producing textiles , or as one of the street children in South America. The reality is different though: Such shops exist all over the world, also in countries like the United States or Italy. The fact that child labour is involved is often hidden: More than three quarters of this work is done in the sector of agriculture , or it has to do with activities done at home, in the context of the family.
Child protection from violence, exploitation and abuse
If child-slaves exist, they are only a minority. This form of work done by children also existed before industrialisation and globalisation , the two phenomena have made it more visible. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Child working in a mine, early 19th century England. Laws on child labour, the Factory Acts , were passed in Britain in the 19th century.
Children younger than nine were not allowed to work, those aged 9—16 could work 16 hours per day: Cotton Mills Act.
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In , the law permitted child labour past age 9, for 60 hours per week, night or day. They work in fields, in factories, down mines, as servants or maids, or selling goods in the street or at markets.
Essay on Children Working
Girls are more likely than boys to do domestic work, such as cleaning, making food and serving. The work that children can be forced to do might also be illegal - such as working with drug gangs or in prostitution.
Many children may get no money for the work they do but they will get food and a place to sleep. If they become sick or injured, most children will not get any money for missing work. All these forms of child labour can prevent a child from going to school and limit their opportunity to fulfil their potential. Many child labourers never go to school or drop out. Education is a proven strategy for reducing child labour.
Lack of access to education keeps the cycle of exploitation, illiteracy and poverty going — limiting future options and forcing children to accept low-wage work as adults and to raise their own children in poverty. Children who have access to education can break the cycle of poverty at the root of child labour. In many countries children working under the age of 18 is illegal - but not in all.
Families and employers often hide what they are doing because they worry they will be taken to court or sent to prison for having child labourers. There are 46 countries who do not have laws to protect children under 18 from doing dangerous work. The International Labour Organization said in that about million children aged from five to 17 - 64 million girls and 88 million girls - are engaged in child labour.
Many of them never go to school or drop out of school because they are required to work to earn a living for their families or have to work to survive themselves. Poverty, discrimination and marginalisation are the main drivers of child labour.