Essay on rural problems in india
The transfer of money from Assam was only one aspect of the drain. Equally big loss had resulted from the large export of raw materials from the province. By the official circle in India was never destined to be a great industrial country. Her role as a tropical colony lay in producing raw materials only in order to be utilized by the western countries possessing superior technical and scientific skill The development of the new industries in a purely subsistence economy of the Brahmaputra valley left imprint on the agrarian structure of the region.
The tea plantations, coalmines, oil refineries and railways all undoubtedly imply significant innovations. However it must be remembered that the industrial growth of Assam, like the rest of India, spurred the industrialization of Britain and had very marginal positive impact on the local economy. It is known to all that North Eastern region of India is industrially backward. It spread over an extensive area of 2,55, Sq Kms constituting 7.
Its border is bounded by K. M international boundary, the only link with the mainland is the Siliguri Corridor measuring 33K. The vital road and railway routes linking the North Eastern region runs parallel and very close to each other through this narrow corridor in the western part of Assam. Many of the tributaries of Brahmaputra cross the routes at different places Thus the narrow corridor is bound to be overburdened and constricted; more particularly during the rainy season when increased floods disrupt the entire region from rest of the country.
Such a strategic geo-political situation of the region, in fact is the root cause of its backwardness in many counts prompting a feeling of alienation. During the British period the indigenous industries faced stiff competition from the mill made cheap products imported from outside and quickened. Weaving still continues to be an important occupation, especially of the women of the region.
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Handloom and weaving is still very important in this region and there are about 1. The total production of these looms is about Rs. Most of the large and medium industries belong to agro-based, mineral based, chemical and engineering industry. The following table may form an idea of the fact. The major agro-based industries are tea manufacturing, rice and flourmills, cotton ginning and hosiery mills, spun-silk mills, jute mills and few khandsari and sugar mills, vegetable and oil pressing mills, a few food processing and Citronala oil distillation mills etc.
The forest-based industries include plywood industry; few match factories, medium paper mills, and extraction of Agar essence etc. Petroleum and natural gas, coal, limestone, and Silliminite are important minerals in the region. Oil refineries, Petrochemicals, cement factories and a few fertilizer plants have been set up in the region.
The chemical industries include plastic industry, a few drug manufacturing units, carbon blocks and carbon powder manufacturing units. Engineering Industry includes a few workshops to repair machines of tea factories and train engines, a few iron rerolling mills and a few factories for production of Hume pipes etc. There are large and medium scale industrial units in the region of which are located in Assam, 18 in Arunachal, 16 in Nagaland, 7 in Meghalaya, 6 in Manipur and one each in Mizoram and Tripura.
The condition of Mizoram and Tripura is below level. In fact the growth of industries in the entire region is very discouraging.
North East India is industrially backward even by Indian standard. Apart from a few agro based and mineral based industries, it has practically no manufacturing industry worth the name.
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The main problems of uneven industrial and economic development of this region are that the North East India is located at the North easternmost corner of India, surrounded almost on all sides by foreign countries, except a narrow passage which links it with the rest of the country. In spite of having huge development potential, the economy of Assam remained underdeveloped as it is characterized by poverty, underutilized man power and untapped natural resources.
In spite of being blessed with a high potential for development of resource based and demand based industries in the state the pace of industrialization in Assam had not been satisfactory. The industrial sector with the state had been centralized around some particular sectors only. The volume of private investment in Assam is very low due to heavy risk involved in the investment.
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These risks are both natural risks arise through natural calamities and political risks, as the state itself is a border state. Thus the factory industries in the state are growing at a very slow rate. The state is experiencing a very poor rate of capital formation. The volume and rate of savings in Assam are very poor.
As the level of per capita income in Assam is very poor, the savings potential is low. Lack of capital formation is a very important hurdle on the pace of industrialization of the state. Geographical isolation and high cost of production of the state inhibit private investment from other region.
The economic and basic infrastructural facilities, which includes power, transport and communication facilities etc. Without a sound infrastructural base, the state cannot develop various industries on the basis of its natural endowments. Power, one of the most important infrastructural needs for industrial development has not been adequately tapped. Although the region has enormous quantities of natural gas, coal, petroleum and running water none of these has been adequately used to develop electricity.
The man-made activities result in the pollution of the soil and water to a great extent. It is the alteration in statistical dispersal of climate which might include the change in the weather or change in the amount of rainfall due to human activities like pollution.
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These social issues influence the patterns of weather in diverse areas. One of the recent examples of this social issue is global warming which is instigated by human activities from the past several years. Altering patterns of climate influence the economic activities like farming that result in poverty among the people who survives on it. It is the absence of general human requirements, like clean water, nutrition, health care, clothing and shelter, and education. This social issue occurs due to the lack of funds that can help in meeting the expenses of the daily needs.
Mainly, there are 2 kinds of poverty i. In relative poverty, there are comparatively fewer resources or fewer funds in the society in comparison to other societies of the world. On the other hand, Absolute poverty means when there are no resources. Poverty is one of the biggest social issues as it decreases economic development owing to less production. At present, steady and constant economic growth of the nation has been inhibited by the absence of economic independence for numerous persons owing to related issues like political uncertainty, exploitation, as well as unemployment.
All the above four social issues influence every country and society in the world. It is very important to deal with these social issues seriously if we want to relish the quality life. The problem of global warming is an inkling to reverse the entire human progress that is attained in so many years.
In fact, it will make efforts towards the poverty reduction unattainable. Besides this, the political solutions are also needed for overcoming all types of social issues in the future. Social issues are those problems in a society by which a significant population is affected and requires immediate solution. Right from the most basic problem of poverty that kills people physically to the problem of social media that affects children mentally, there are a variety of social issues in the society that have affected considerable amount of population and requires solution urgently.
It is shocking to note that Global Hunger Index places India on the 97th position in terms of starvation. Therefore, it has become an undeniable fact that poverty exists in India although the politicians, the media and the general public have failed to recognise it.
Food security is the basic right of every citizen and the Government must ensure effective laws to fulfill it. Corruption is a social issues which includes the misuse of authority in public and private services for personal gains. It is the root cause for all other social evils and backwardness in the society.
Though India is developing into a super power on the one hand, it is being pulled down on many grounds due to corruption. If the general public restrains from offering bribe, then truthfulness and transparency would prevail in the administration. It requires a change from both the corrupted and affected people. Caste System discriminates the citizens and causes unnecessary tensions in the society.