Argument essay about smoking should be banned
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Smoking Argumentative Essay
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Penalties for violating the ban increased under the ' Tobacco Control Act of Bhutan '. However, small allowances for personal possession are permitted as long as the possessor can prove that they have paid import duties. The Pacific island of Niue hopes to become the next country to prohibit the sale of tobacco.
In , anti-smoking groups proposed a 'smoking licence' — if a smoker managed to quit and hand back their licence, they would get back any money they paid for it.
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Medical students in Singapore and the Australian state of Tasmania have proposed a 'tobacco free millennium generation initiative' by banning the sale of all tobacco products to anyone born in and after the year In March , Brazil became the world's first country to ban all flavored tobacco, including menthols.
It also banned the majority of the estimated additives used, permitting only eight. This regulation applies to domestic and internationally imported cigarettes. Tobacco manufacturers had 18 months to remove the non-compliant cigarettes, 24 months to remove the other forms of non-compliant tobacco. In several parts of the world, tobacco advertising and sponsorship of sporting events is prohibited. The ban upon tobacco advertising and sponsorship in the European Union in prompted Formula One management to look for venues that permit display of the livery of tobacco sponsors, and led to some of the races on the calendar being cancelled in favor of more 'tobacco-friendly' markets.
As of , only one Formula One team, Scuderia Ferrari , received sponsorship from a tobacco company; Marlboro branding appeared on its cars in three races Bahrain , Monaco , and China , all in countries lacking restrictions on tobacco advertising. Advertising billboards for tobacco are still in use in Germany, while the majority of EU member states have outlawed them. On 1 July , Ireland prohibited the advertising and display of tobacco products in all retail outlets.
Another Gallup poll, of over 26, Europeans, conducted in December , found that "a majority of EU citizens support smoking bans in public places, such as offices, restaurants and bars. Two-thirds support smoke-free bars, pubs and clubs. Several studies have documented health and economic benefits related to smoking bans.
A report by the Institute of Medicine concluded that smoking bans reduced the risk of coronary heart disease and heart attacks, but the report's authors were unable to identify the magnitude of this reduction. Legislating on smoking of tobacco in public places has reduced the cause of heart disease among adults. Such legislations include banning smoking in restaurants, buses, hotels and workplaces. The data shows that even at low levels of the smoke, there is the risk and the risks increases with more exposures.
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A meta-analysis found that smoke-free legislation was associated with a lower rate of hospitalizations for cardiac, cerebrovascular, and respiratory diseases, and that "More comprehensive laws were associated with larger changes in risk. However, other studies came to the conclusion that smoking bans have little or no short-term effect on myocardial infarction rates and other diseases. A study from the US used huge nationally representative databases to compare smoking-restricted areas with control areas and found no associations between smoking bans and short-term declines in heart attack rates.
The authors have also analyzed smaller studies using subsamples and revealed that large short-term increases in myocardial infarction incidence following a smoking ban are as common as the large decreases. Smoking bans are generally acknowledged to reduce rates of smoking; smoke-free workplaces reduce smoking rates among workers,  and restrictions upon smoking in public places reduce general smoking rates through a combination of stigmatisation and reduction in the social cues for smoking.
One report stated that cigarette sales in Ireland and Scotland increased after their smoking bans were implemented. A document from Phillip Morris summarised the tobacco industry's concern about the effects of smoking bans: "Total prohibition of smoking in the workplace strongly effects [ sic ] tobacco industry volume.
In the United States, the CDC reported a levelling-off of smoking rates in recent years despite a large number of ever more comprehensive smoking bans and large tax increases.
Should Smoking Be Banned in Public Places?
It has also been suggested that a "backstop" of hardcore smokers has been reached: those unmotivated and increasingly defiant in the face of further legislation. In Sweden, use of snus , as an alternative to smoking, has risen steadily since that nation's smoking ban. Smoking restrictions may make it easier for smokers to quit. Restaurant smoking restrictions may help to stop young people from becoming habitual smokers. A study of Massachusetts youths, found that those in towns with smoking bans were 35 percent less likely to be habitual smokers.
Many studies have been published in the health industry literature on the economic effect of smoking bans. The majority of these government and academic studies have found that there is no negative economic impact associated with smoking restrictions and many findings that there may be a positive effect on local businesses.
Studies funded by the bar and restaurant associations have sometimes claimed that smoking bans have a negative effect on restaurant and bar profits. Such associations have also criticised studies which found that such legislation had no impact.
A government survey in Sydney found that the proportion of the population attending pubs and clubs rose after smoking was banned inside them. Sydney CBD club income fell Some smoking restrictions were introduced in German hotels, restaurants, and bars in and early In the medium and long run, a recovery of revenues took place. These results suggest either, that the consumption in bars and restaurants is not affected by smoking bans in the long run, or, that negative revenue impacts by smokers are compensated by increasing revenues through non-smokers.
Smoking on trains was banned completely by the Deutsche Bahn AG in The FIFA World cup which the country hosted was the last one before bans on smoking in cafes, bars and restaurants were introduced in most of the countries around the world. In , Bavaria became the first federal state of Germany to completely ban smoking in bars and restaurants. After this restriction was criticized as being "too harsh" by some members of the governing party CSU , it was relaxed one year later. Supporters of smoking bans then brought about a public referendum on the issue, which led to even firmer restrictions than the initial ban.
Thereafter, a more comprehensive ban was introduced in Also in , the Saarland became the second federal state with a complete ban in bars and restaurants. In , North Rhine-Westphalia , Germany's most populous federal state, became the third state with a strict ban in bars and restaurants. The Republic of Ireland was the first country to introduce fully smoke-free workplaces March The Irish workplace smoke-free law was introduced with the intention of protecting workers from second-hand smoke and to discourage smoking in a nation with a high percentage of smokers.
In Ireland, the main opposition to the ban came from publicans. Many pubs introduced "outdoor" arrangements generally heated areas with shelters. It was speculated by opponents that the smoke-free workplaces law would increase the amount of drinking and smoking in the home, but recent studies showed this was not the case.
Ireland's Office of Tobacco Control website indicates that "an evaluation of the official hospitality sector data shows there has been no adverse economic effect from the introduction of this measure the March national introduction of smoke-free in bars, restaurants, etc. It has been claimed that the smoke-free law was a significant contributing factor to the closure of hundreds of small rural pubs, with almost fewer licences renewed in than in Smoke-free restrictions came into effect in the Isle of Man on 30 March Chandigarh became the first city-state of India to become smoke-free in July Social activist Hemant Goswami did pioneering work to make Chandigarh smoke-free.
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Ambumani Ramadoss enacted the new smoke-free regulation in India banned smoking in public places on 2 October Nearly a decade earlier, on 12 July , a Division Bench of the Kerala High Court in India banned smoking in public places by declaring public smoking as illegal the first time in the world , unconstitutional, and violative of Article 21 of the constitution. The bench headed by Dr. Narayana Kurup, held that tobacco smoking in public places in the form of cigarettes, cigars, beedies or otherwise falls within the mischief of the penal provisions relating to public nuisance as contained in the Indian Penal Code and within the definition of air pollution as contained in the statutes dealing with protection and preservation of environment, in particular, Prevention and Control of Pollution Act Union of India and Ors.
Tobacco is universally regarded as one of the major public health hazards and is responsible directly or indirectly for an estimated eight lakh deaths annually in the country. It has also been found that treatment of tobacco related diseases and the loss of productivity caused therein cost the country almost Rs.