How real is reality tv essays on representation and truth

Andrejevic and Colby note that reality programs offer therapeutic truths about human nature and identity, stripped of social or historical context p. Elizabeth Johnston compares shows such as The Bachelor to eighteenth century fiction; believable emotions are the sine qua non of identification of viewers with characters.

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The situation for the viewer of reality television is paradoxical. Viewers become invested in, and reward, authenticity and truth- telling, condemning manipulation even as they must recognize it before them. In order to avoid pretension, the shows operate as if in denial of their own staged process; in this way, they attempt to naturalize the routine humiliation and hierarchy of competition and loss. Irony, on the other hand, rests upon the mere recognition of the contradictions without forcing a break with the fantasy itself.

In this episode, three major mechanisms work to establish the content and the credibility of the romantic fantasy for both contestants and viewers. Finally, the continuity between program and advertisements anchors the representation of women as constituted in passive appearances. The contestants seem to have internalized these expectations, so that when their fantasy dissolves, as it is nearly sure to do, the rejects are devastated. I take each of these features of the text in turn.

Before the romantic scene unfolds, we get to listen in as three other women in their Malibu mansion hot tub measure up the competition. For example, when the scene shifts to the couple in the gondola, Brad assumes the role of confessor. The Bachelor exhibits these imperatives. However, Brad is under no such injunction; it is his role to guard any feelings he may have in order to sustain the possibility that he could pick any one of the women during the next rose ceremony.

To this end, he announces to Bettina his goal: to meet someone, fall in love, to recognize it immediately and implicitly, and to become best friends and lovers forever.

Women are featured in advertisements for beauty enhancers, while men are active agents making a difference in the world around them. Even in partial drag, apparently, men in advertisements are agents with choices in the arenas of politics and consumption. A driver in a Honda Civic commercial is motivated by more than hunger. Even the klutzy custodian in an Energizer ad who spills his drink on the master board at the power plant has the power to re-light an entire city with a push of the button that invokes the Energizer bunny.

In stark contrast, the women in the advertisements, one for Avon night cream and the other for Olay lotion, are defined in terms of how they look.

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The preview of the group date in the segment to follow the commercial break reveals the date to be a pool party, in which Kristy refuses to play, thus securing her dismissal at the end of the episode. During this pool party, Hillary expresses direct physical desire for Brad. Required by the conventions of the show and the necessity of sustaining suspense to respond vaguely, Brad fumbles for an answer. Her request makes him visibly uncomfortable, demonstrating once again the asymmetrical control over the terms of intimacy between the women and Brad.

Here and elsewhere in the show, it is clear that Hillary has regarded Brad and their romance as absolutely real. Her assumption that the process is unstaged and that he is sincere in other words, that the show and its producers and editors do not constrain them and that he would tell her if he were uninterested leads her to express herself directly and to assume agency, both sexual and emotional, in the narrative. Hillary is crushed when Brad rejects her at the end of the episode. In a passage that speaks directly to the situation of the women on The Bachelor, Wolf writes: Desirable girls were completely different with boys than they were when they were being what we thought of as normal.

They got quiet, and hesitant and appreciative, and they broke off the string of clever, ironic social observations that characterized their usual speech. Being sexy meant waiting and not doing, being watched rather than watching. Behaviorists have a name for it: operant conditioning. You do this, you get that.

Ironically, in this and other instances e.

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It cannot do so uncritically, however. The morality play among the appropriately feminine and rebellious participants, as Johnston explains, is not silly: The shows offer agency of a sort, articulated through romance, consumerism, and connection with other women, albeit competitive and male- centered pp. Investment in the fantasy of agency in a male-dominated environment is redirected, then, as the program resolves in favor of those women who are the most compliant, who seem to achieve their heartfelt ambitions by abnegating their autonomy see also Brown, ; Ogdon, However, the text is not seamless.

Moments of humor, contradiction, and excess threaten to fray the fantasy, if not tear it open. In the episode, Brad treats Sheena to a Cinderella evening in yet another mansion. On this date, Brad offers Sheena diamond earrings, a choice of gowns, and, later, a romantic dinner and dance by candlelight to the music of a string quartet. This is as romantic as it gets.

Upon entering the mansion, Sheena gets to choose among six gowns; one cannot help remembering that Brad gets to choose among 25 women in an implicit analogy between women and other pretty consumer goods. The difference in power between them is profoundly apparent.

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Implicitly, she has asked him what her chances are. Predictably, he cannot say. To swelling music, then, Sheena descends the staircase in a red strapless gown as Brad gapes up at her. Cloud romantic dream, reinforced by continual self-disclosure, denials of any mercenary motivations on the part of the women, and condemnation of women who seem to be in the game for opportunistic reasons.

The dynamic of recognition and denial of desire for personal gain of various sorts plays out very clearly when Sheena returns to the house from her fairytale date. Excited, Sheena enters the living area where Jenni, Bettina, and Hillary are conversing. They rave over her gown as she explains that Brad said she could keep the diamond earrings she is wearing. However, the many actual qualitative and quantitative differences between the dates are apparent for viewers who may draw different conclusions.

While Sheena was offered a fairytale evening, Brad grilled Bettina in the gondola because she had not yet offered the compulsory confession of her feelings. Bettina was clearly nervous and uncomfortable with the pressure. In addition, Sheena got stuff. The implication is that the women know that they are operating in a system of reward for disclosure, and that some of the rewards are material. Kisses and the roses given to those selected to continue are the other major forms of reward.

The other contestants criticize her, challenging her authenticity and sincerity, for the remainder of the episode. The Fantasy Founders Austinite Brad Womack has met with extensive criticism from viewers for his betrayal of their expectations. Eventually, he takes his place on a platform in the beachside rose garden. He explains first to Jenni that his feelings for her were not strong enough.

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DeAnna departs, angry and in tears, and Brad sits on the platform, head in his hands. He seems genuinely confused and anxious as the moment of revelation nears. Shows annotated bibliography custom bites back book mad libs good bad. Sat s question flummoxes some truman show critical response guide. Titles examples of english dissertation cover argumentative television gxart aqua how to ad bordo outline brie grows brooklyn real representation truth david against learnenglish teens british council are influence people.

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